BIO100. Human Biology (3) This is a biology course with human application
addressing five major areas: physiology, development, genetics, evolution,
and current health issues. Special laboratory exercises and demonstrations
are included. Satisfies the core laboratory or general science division core

BIO 101. Principles of Biology (3) A study of fundamental biological concepts
and processes. Corequisite: BIO 103, MTH 111 or MTH 121

BIO 102. Botany ( 3) An introductory course in botany. (Bibliographic instruction
course) Prerequisite: BIO 101 and 103 or equivalent. Corequisite: BIO 104.

BIO 103. Principles of Biology Laboratory (1) Corequisite: BIO 101.

BIO 104. Botany Laboratory (1) Corequisite: BIO 102.

BIO 105. Introduction to Marine Science (3) An introduction to the various
disciplines that constitute marine science, both physical and biological. Prerequisite:
BIO 101.

BIO 110. Environmental Biology (3) A study of the interrelationships between
humans and their environment. Emphasis on human impact on natural ecosystems,
environmental economics, politics, and ethics. Special laboratory exercises
and demonstrations are included. Satisfies the core curriculum requirement
of a laboratory science. No prerequisites.

BIO 115. Biology of Sex (3) An introduction to the biological principles of
human reproduction. Reproduction anatomy and physiology as well as the social
implications of sex and reproductive technology will be considered.

BIO 116.  Microbes and Society (3)  A study of the relationship between microbes and society.  Emphasis on how microbes impact humans, the control of microbes, bioterrorism, food safety, and epidemics.  Special laboratory exercises are included.  Satisfies the core curriculum requirement of a laboratory science. No prerequisites.

BIO 117.  Forensic Biology (3)  An overview of basic forensic biology:  death and decomposition, body fluids, microbiology, zoology, botany.  Some subjects will be dealt with in laboratory format.

BIO 120. Farms to Pharmaceuticals:  The Botany of Everyday Things (3)  A survey of plants and plant products used by people for food, medicine, clothing, and shelter.  Special laboratory exercises and demonstrations are included.  Satisfies the laboratory science core curriculum requirement.

BIO 136. Microbiology (3) A survey of bacteria, fungi, viruses, and protozoa.
Topics relate microbial structure, metabolism, and genetics to patterns of
disease and to mode of action of antimicrobials. Prerequisite: BIO 101 or CHM
101. Corequisite: BIO 138. Non-science majors only.

BIO 138. Microbiology Laboratory (1) Corequisite: BIO 136. The laboratory emphasizes
aseptic technique, and the identification of bacterial groups by differential
staining, cultivation and biochemical methods.

BIO 140.  Biology Community Service Seminar (1-2)  A community-based learning course. The biology students work with MCPSS 7th grade students on basic biology. Includes hands-on activities and tutoring for EQTs.  This course is repeatable for up to 2 credits.  Prerequisite/Co-requisite: BIO 101/103; prerequisite: declared biology major.

BIO 201.  Flora of the Gulf Coast (3) A survey of the plants of the Gulf Coast for education majors.  Emphasizes plant taxonomy but includes aspects of anatomy, physiology, and pathology.  Partially satisfies education science requirement.

BIO 205. Invertebrate Zo

ology (3) An introductory course in zoology. Prerequisite:
BIO 101 or 112 or equivalent. Corequisite: BIO 207

BIO 207. Invertebrate Zoology Laboratory (1) Corequisite: BIO 205.

BIO 231-232. Anatomy and Physiology I-II (6) A two semester survey of human
anatomy and physiology using an organ systems approach. The course focuses
on normal anatomy and physiology; disease conditions will be discussed when
they illustrate fundamental anatomical and physiological principles. Pre-requisities:
BIO 101; CHM 111 and 112, or CHM 101. Corequisites: BIO 233-234.

BIO 233-234. Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory I-II (2) Corequisites: BIO 231
and 232. An in-depth study of human anatomy and physiology using an organ systems
approach. (Bibliographic instruction course)

BIO 236. Microbial Biology (3) A course in microbiology for science majors
emphasizing the role and importance of microbes in medical, environmental and
molecular disciplines. Prerequisites: BIO 101.

BIO 238. Microbial Biology Laboratory (1) Corequisite: BIO 236.

BIO 240-241.  Biomedical Anatomy and Physiology I-II (6)  A two-semester sequence offering a comprehensive study of the form and function of the human body with emphasis placed on real life and biomedical applications of the principles of anatomy and physiology.  Prerequisite:  BIO 101.  Corequisite:  BIO 243-244.

BIO 243-244.  Biomedical Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory I-II (2)  A study of the form and function of the major organ systems in the human body that will utilize digital anatomy, models, and dissection.  Corequisite:  BIO 240-241.

BIO 254. Vertebrate Zoology (2) Anatomical study of vertebrate forms with special
attention to function. Prerequisite: BIO 205 and 207 or equivalent. Corequisite:
BIO 256.

BIO 256. Vertebrate Zoology Laboratory (2) Corequisite: BIO 254.


BIO 301. Genetics (3) A study of problems in heredity and variation. Prerequisites:
BIO 101 and 232 or 254 or equivalent or permission of instructor.

BIO 302. Genetics Laboratory (2) A practical course in methods of genetic investigation.
Prerequisites: BIO 301, 360.

BIO 310. Animal Behavior (3) An advanced survey of modern approaches to the
study of animal behavior; emphasizing the integration of ecological, evolutionary,
ethological and physiological approaches. Prerequisites: BIO 301 or permission
of instructor.

BIO 322. Developmental Biology (3) Introduction to embryology, gametogenesis,
fertilization, cleavage, gastrulation, and organ formation in typical vertebrate
forms. Prerequisite: BIO 301. Corequisite: BIO 324.

BIO 324. Developmental Biology Laboratory (1) Corequisite: BIO 322.

BIO 330.  Entomology (3)  An introduction to the biology of insects.  The course surveys insect anatomy and physiology, social structure, development, evolution, classification and identification, as well as economic and health impacts of human/insect interactions.  Prerequisite: BIO 101.  Corequisite: BIO 331.

BIO 331.  Entomology Laboratory (1)  A practical course in arthropod anatomy, insect morphology, and insect identification and classification.  An insect collection is required. Corequisite:  BIO 330.

BIO 334. Introductory Biophysics (3)  A course emphasizing the application of various principles in physics in constructing and simulating quantitative models of various biological processes:  representative topics include quantitative scaling, applications of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, chemical kinetics, genetic regulatory networks, protein-protein interactions, and multi-scale models.  Prerequisites:  PHY 222, MTH 122.  Cross-listed as PHY 334.

BIO 340. History and Literature of Biology (3) The events and ideas that have
contributed to the development of modern biology, and a guide to searching
the literature of biology and biomedical science. Prerequisites: BIO 101.

BIO 351. Parasitology (2) A study of animal parasites which infect or infest
man or serve as transmitters of pathogenic organisms to man. Prerequisites:
BIO 254 or 232 or equivalent or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIO

BIO 353. Parasitology Laboratory (2) Corequisite: BIO 351.

BIO 355. Ecology (2) A study of the principles of ecology and their applications
to environmental problems in a modern society. Prerequisite: BIO 301 or equivalent.
Corequisite: BIO 357.

BIO 357. Ecology Laboratory (2) Corequisite: BIO 355.

BIO 360. Cell Biology (3) (W) An advanced course in cell structure and function.
Prerequisites: (BIO 205 and 207) or (BIO 231-234), and CHM 331-334. Corequisite:
BIO 362.

BIO 362. Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory (1) A practical course in methods
of cellular and molecular biology. Pre/corequisite: BIO 360.

BIO 410. Immunology (3) An introduction to the language and basic concepts
of immunology including the normal immune response and immune disorders. Prerequisites:
BIO 136 and BIO 301.

BIO 412. Emerging Pathogens (3) A study of the human, environmental, and pathogen causes of infectious diseases to emerge.  A survey of the emerging infectious diseases of current concern to humans.  Prerequisite:  BIO 301 or permission of instructor.

BIO 421. Histology (2) A study of microscopic structure of cells, tissues,
and organs. Prerequisite: BIO 360. Corequisite: BIO 423.

BIO 423. Histology Laboratory (2) Corequisite: BIO 421.

BIO 440. Basic and Clinical Endocrinology (3) A comprehensive study of the
anatomy of endocrine glands, the biochemistry of the hormones they produce,
the affect of hormones on normal human physiology, and the disorders that result
from both hypo- and hypersecretion of hormones. Prerequisite: BIO 360.

BIO 450. Molecular Biology (3) (W) An integrated study of gene and nucleic
acid structure and function in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Prerequisite:
BIO 301 or 360.

BIO 460. Evolution ( 3) The study of the development of plants and animals
from earlier forms. Prerequisites: senior biology majors or permission of instructor.

BIO 462. General Physiology (3) An in-depth study of neural and endocrine control
mechanisms, as well as muscular, cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, and digestive
physiology. Prerequisites: BIO 360, and CHM 331 and 333. Corequisite: BIO 464.

BIO 464. General Physiology Laboratory (1) Corequisite: BIO 462.

BIO 470. Mechanisms of Disease (3) Advanced topics in pathobiology and mechanisms
of disease: mechanisms of cell injury, inflammation and healing, diseases of
immunity, neoplasia, infectious and genetic diseases. Selected contemporary
topics from current literature will be discussed. Prerequisites: BIO 462, 464
and BIO 421, 423 (concurrently).

BIO 480. Neurobiology (3) A study of the details of neuroanatomy, neurophsiology,
motor and sensory systems, neuronal development, and the history of neuroscience.
Prerequisite: BIO 360 and CHM 332.

BIO 499. Special Topics An enrichment in special biological problems for advanced
students. Admission by approval of department chair. Hours and credits to be
arranged by the project director. This course will normally not count toward
the minimum number of hours of concentration. Prerequisites: 12 hours of biology
including BIO 360 and 301.


The following courses are offered at the Dauphin Island Sea Lab of the Marine
Environmental Sciences Consortium for credit from Spring Hill College.


MRN 125. Oceanology of the Gulf of Mexico (2) A survey of the physics, chemistry,
biology, geology, and meteorology of the continental margins and deep ocean
regions in the Gulf of Mexico and adjacent waters.

MRN 127. Commercial Marine Fisheries of Alabama (2) Exploitation and biology
of commercial vertebrates and invertebrates of Alabama and the adjoining Gulf
of Mexico, with emphasis on distribution, harvesting technology, processing,
and economic values. Laboratory exercises include visits to local processing
plants and a trawling expedition.

MRN 129. Coastal Climatology (2) Controlling factors of the world’s climates,
with particular attention to coastal areas, and application and interpretation
of climate data.

MRN 140. GIS Basics (2) An introduction to the use of geographic information
systems in the coastal and marine environment such as creating and analyzing
spatial data. Prerequisite: understanding of Windows operating systems for

MRN 142. GIS Applications (2) About a variety of applications, including GPS
data collection, image rectification, 3D display, and Internet mapping. Prerequisite:
MRN 140 or the equivalent.


MRN 301. Marine Botany (4) A general survey of marine algae, vascular and non-vascular
plants associated with the marine and estuarine environment. Structure, reproduction,
identification, distribution, and ecology are considered. Prerequisite: BIO

MRN 302. Marine Vertebrate Zoology (4) Lectures will include a general survey
of marine vertebrates (except birds) with emphasis on the major groups of fishes.
Laboratory sessions will emphasize collecting, observing, and field studies
of the local fauna. Prerequisite: BIO 254.

MRN 304. Marine Protozoology (2) The taxonomy, structure, ecology, and methods
of study of major groups of unicellular marine protists. Prerequisite: BIO

MRN 306. Marine Biology (4) A general survey of marine habitats emphasizing
the interactions between organisms and their physical and chemical environments.
Prerequisite: BIO 101.

MRN 307. Introduction to Oceanography (4) A general survey of oceanic and near-coastal
environments with emphasis on the interaction between physical, geological,
chemical, and biological processes. Prerequisites: BIO 101, CHM 111, PHY 221.

MRN 308. Coastal Ornithology (4) Lectures stress the ecology of birds near
the coast. Laboratory work is oriented to identification and behavior in the
field. Prerequisite: BIO 254.

MRN 312. Marine Ecology (4) Application of general ecological principles to
both open ocean and nearshore waters. Prerequisite: BIO 254.

MRN 315. Marine Geology (4) Nearshore processes, interactions between animals
and sediment, grain sizes and sorting, data gathering and report writing. Prerequisite:
permission of instructor.

MRN 316. Recent Marine Sedimentation (4) A study of marine sedimentation with
emphasis on sedimentary processes and depositional environments. Field exposure
to modern carbonate (Florida Keys) and clastic (Gulf Coast/Mississippi River
Delta) environments and to ancient analogs. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

MRN 318. Coastal Geomorphology (2) An introduction to such topics as waves
and other coastal hydrodynamics, sediment transport, and interactions with
man’s dredging, beach filling, and building of jetties. Prerequisite:
permission of instructor.

MRN 323. Marine Technical Methods (2) An introduction to field methods, including
planning, sampling from both the water-column and sediments, analysis and reporting.
Prerequisite: BIO 101.

MRN 325. Identification of Vascular Flora of Dauphin Island and Coastal Alabama
(2) A study of the basic characteristics of vascular plants, including experience
in collecting, processing, and identifying plants. Prerequisite: BIO 102.

MRN 403. Marine Invertebrate Zoology (4) Evolution of systems in major and
minor phyla of invertebrates and their adaptations, emphasizing local fauna.
Prerequisite: BIO 205.

MRN 414. Marsh Ecology (4) A study of the flora and fauna elements of various
marine marsh communities. Interaction of physical and biological factors will
be emphasized. Course is structured to provide actual field experience in addition
to lecture material. Trips will be scheduled to acquaint students with regional
examples of marsh types. Prerequisite: BIO 355.

MRN 416. Coral Reef Ecology (4) Ecology and evolution of coral reef communities,
seagrass beds, and mangrove swamps, with a one-week field trip to Andros Island,
Bahamas. Prerequisite: BIO 355 or MRN 312 or permission of the instructors.

MRN 418. Marine Behavioral Ecology (4) Lectures, laboratory exercises, and
overnight field trips to show how animal behavior is influenced by its environment
and how data is collected and analyzed. Prerequisites: BIO 254 and MTH 121.
Recommended: MTH 465.

MRN 420. Marine Conservation Biology (4) Application of current conservation
biology to the marine realm through lectures, field trips, assigned readings
and term paper. Prerequisite: BIO 355 or MRN 312. Recommended: PHL 214.

MRN 422. Marine Fish Diseases (2) An introduction to aquatic animal diseases,
specifically finfish and shellfish with practical techniques for isolation
and identification. Prerequisite: BIO 101. Recommended: BIO 136.

MRN 424. Marine Aquaculture (2) Techniques in marine aquaculture such as nutrition,
reproductive biology, production, water quality maintenance, processing, marketing,
and the economics of commercially important species. Prerequisites: BIO 102
and CHM 111. Recommended: BIO 205.

MRN 426. Coastal Zone Management (2) An examination of the major substantive
and procedural aspects of specific laws and regulations governing activity
in the coastal zone and of how coastal processes affect specific management
issues of the zone. No prerequisites.

MRN 430. Special Topics (1 to 4) Under this title come courses that have been
approved too recently by the MESC program committee to be published here with
their formal names. Prerequisites: As published in the advising manual of the

MRN 431. Dolphins and Whales (2) Lectures, audiovisual presentations, and practical
exercises to guide students to further study of the classification, anatomy,
and ecology of the cetaceans. Prerequisite: BIO 254 or 232.

MRN 433. Marine Toxicology (4) This course will introduce basic topics of marine
toxicology to students, including dose-response relationships. Data analysis
and experimental design of toxicological studies will be taught, and animals
of the coastal area will be used to carry out toxicological studies. Prerequisites:
BIO 360, CHM 331.

MRN 435. Tropical Marine Ecosystems (4) This course will introduce students
to the basic ecology, biology and geology of tropical ecosystems, with a one-week
trip to the Florida Keys. Prerequisite: BIO 355 or permission of instructor.

MRN 440. Directed Research (1 to 6) Students may enroll by special arrangement.
Prerequisites: Discussion with and approval by a faculty member who will be
in residence at the Sea Lab during the research.

MRN 450. Introduction to Neurobiology (4) The neuroanatomy and neurophysiology
of marine invertebrates and vertebrates. Prerequisite: BIO 360. Recommended:
PHY 221 and 462.


MRN 501. Marine Botany (4) Similar to MRN 301.

MRN 503. Marine Invertebrate Zoology (4) Similar to MRN 403.

MRN 512. Marine Ecology (4) Similar to MRN 312.