Sanders, A. (2013). Safety for K-12 Students: United States Policy Concerning LGBT Student Safety Must Provide Inclusion. Confero, 1(2), 162-172.
Abstract:Students who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) are at risk for harassment due to their sexual orientation or gender identification. Over 85% of LGBT students report such harassment (Biegel & Keuhl, 2010). Such statistics demonstrate the significance of the issue, and K-16 school policies in the United States regarding safety of LGBT students in the school climate and inclusion in the curriculum have been debated due to the strong concern for these students. Even though US educational organizations have called for change and laws have been established in the majority of states protecting students from bullying, only a few states have detailed the particular areas of discrimination such as LGBT. State and local policies across the US vary in whether or not sexual orientation is specifically listed in bullying policy observed by school administrators. K-16 policies at the local level are explored with a focus on the neutrality policy resulting in silence and more discrimination through the practice of heteronormativity. An argument is established for a standard bullying policy in all US school districts to include anti-LGBT behavior.